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Theory

Electrochemical activation

Electrochemical activation is the technology to obtain metastable substances by anode or cathode electrochemical action for their further use in various technology processes during the period of sustained high physical-chemical and catalytic activity.

Basic technological principles of electrochemical activation

  • water and dilute aqueous solutions of substances before use in technological processes are transferred to metastable state by electrochemical unipolar action;
  • reactive reagents, which are necessary for technological processes, are synthesized at places of their use, excluding transportation and storage of hazardous substances.

Basic technical principles of ECA

  • reactors (modules) for electrochemical conversion of water and aqueous solutions have minimum dimensions necessary to ensure all functions of economic conversion of substances and energy, like a living organism cell;
  • industrial high-performance technical electrochemical systems are created from single modular reactors.

Advantages of electrochemical activation:

Ecological cleanliness. The ability to completely eliminate or significantly reduce the types and quantities of chemical reagents used in technological processes with water and aqueous solutions for various purposes, including disinfection and purification of drinking water, and completely eliminate or significantly reduce the need for wastewater treatment.

Efficiency. It is caused by increased anomalous reactive, catalytic and biocatalytic ability of solutions and gases used for disinfection, washing, extraction, oxidation or reduction in many technological processes.

Economy. It is a significant increase in the efficiency of technological processes due to the reduction of labor costs, time and materials, and by improving the quality and functional properties of the final products. In particular, the economy is achieved in many cases by using available and cheap reagents - salt and water - in electrolysis process, as well as by the absence of the need to deliver, store and ensure safety (explosion safety) when using various hazardous reagents, i.e. the use of special electrochemical devices allows to obtain and supply to the site of traditionally dangerous reagents in a safe way anywhere, at any time, in any required quantity.

Universality. The possibility of using the same technological processes for the synthesis of electrochemically activated solutions or water purification, as well as technical systems with the same type of electrochemical reactors for use in various fields. Thanks to this technique and technology of electrochemical activation are effectively used by the widest range of consumers: as an individuals to meet their needs, and to solve large-scale tasks in the technical and humanitarian spheres.